Wednesday, 11 February 2015

HIGH YIELD POINT FOR ANATOMY 2015-THORAX

HIGH YIELD POINT FOR ANATOMY 2015

http://www.doctorsquiz.com important topics for DNB-CET, AIPGMEE, FMGE, DNB-PDCET, UPSC-CMS online medical examination .



THORAX






Dermatome around nipple
T4

Vertebral level at inferior angle of scapula
TV7

Structure that lies immediately posterior to manubrium
Thymus

Rib related to oblique fissure of lung posteriorly
2nd

Rib paralleled by horizontal fissure of right lung
4th

Inferior extent of lung at midclavicular line
6th rib

Inferior extent of pleura at midclavicular line
8th rib

Inferior extent of lung at midaxillary line
8th rib

Inferior extent of pleura at midaxillary line
10th rib

Inferior extent of lung posteriorly
10th rib

Inferior extent of pleura posteriorly
12th rib

Innervation of costal pleura
Intercostal nerve

Innervation of mediastinal pleura
Phrenic nerve

Site for auscultation of pulmonary valve
Left 2nd interspace

Site for auscultation of aortic valve
Right 2nd interspace

Site for auscultation of tricuspid valve
Xiphisternal joint

Site for auscultation of mitral valve
Left 5th interspace,


midclavicular line

Heart chamber with greatest sternocostal projection
Right ventricle

Chamber that forms apex of heart
Left ventricle

major chamber that forms base of heart
Left atrium

Heart chamber that contains moderator band
Right ventricle

Artery that determines coronary dominance
Posterior interventricular

Usual origin of SA and AV nodal arteries
Right coronary artery

Location of SA node
Cristae terminalis

Major vessel that drains the musculature of the heart
Coronary sinus

Innervation of fibrous pericardium
Phrenic nerve

Most common cause of systolic ejection murmur
Aortic stenosis

Rib associated with sternal angle
Second rib

Vertebral level associated with sternal angle
Disc between TV4-5

Location of ductus arteriosus
Between left pulmonary


artery and aorta

Nerve potentially injured with repair of patent ductus arteriosus
Left recurrent laryngeal


Nerve

Veins that unite to form brachiocephalic
Subclavian and internal


Jugular

Veins that unite to form superior vena cava
Right and left


Brachiocephalic

Termination of azygos vein
Superior vena cava

Structures that lie to right and left of thoracic duct
Azygos veins, aorta

Spinal levels of greater splanchnic nerve
T5-9

Spinal levels of lesser splanchnic nerve
T10-11

Spinal levels of least splanchnic nerve
T12

Thoracic structures that can compress the esophagus
Left bronchus, aorta and


Diaphragm

Disease often associated with thymoma



Myasthenia gravis